In Excel you can use the VLOOKUP function to enrich one dataset with columns from another, by matching values of a key column that is common to both datasets. A separate VLOOKUP statement should be created for each column added from the other dataset.
In Dataiku, the Join recipe matches values of a key column that is common to both datasets. Records with the same key values are paired up and share information. Depending on the type of join, records without a match may be kept or dropped. By default, all other columns are included in the output dataset, but you can choose a subset.
To learn more about joining datasets in Dataiku, please see the reference documentation.